Different Types of .22 Ammo Explained

.22 BB Ammo

.22 BB (Bulleted Breach) ammo is just one of the .22 caliber ammunition types. Its round ball bullet is characterized by the low velocity (700 ft/s) and low noise. For these reasons, it is mostly used in indoor shooting facilities and for pest control. .22 BB caliber rifle ammunition dates back from the middle of the 19th century and is the first rimfire cartridge. .22 ammo weights 18 gr, and it’s 0.343 in long.

.22 CB Ammo

.22 CB (Conical Ball) ammunition, also known as 6mm Flobert in Europe comes in three different sizes. .22 CB Cap is very small ammo – .284 in. .22 CB Short is a bit longer than the Cap – 0,423 in. .22 CB Long is the longest one – .595 in. .22 CB weighs around 1.5 g. Due to its size, it reaches a very low velocity – between 350 and 700 ft/s. .22 CB Short and .22 Short are not to be confused. Although having the same length, .22 Short has bigger powder amount and reaches 1000 ft/s.

.22 Long Ammo

Along with the .22 BB, .22 Long is one of the oldest .22 rimfire ammunition still in use. The designer’s intention was to be used in a revolver but soon revised to fit rifles. .22 BB gained his fame as small game ammo. Although .22 LR guns can fire 22 Long ammo, .22 Long is not powerful enough to be used with semi-automatic weapons. Lower speed and power of penetration of the 22 Long ammunition was often preferred for small game hunting. .22 Long caliber is 0.880 in long, and it weighs around 29 gr (1.88 g).

.22 Extra Long Ammo

22 Extra Long dates back from the 19th century and is .22 rimfire rifle and handgun cartridge. Commercial production of .22 Extra Long has ceased 1935, mostly as a result of its poor accuracy. Length of the .22 Extra Long was 1.16 in, weighing 40 gr (3 g), with 1,050 ft/s (320 m/s) speed.

.22 Short Ammo

.22 Short was the first US metallic cartridge. It was developed in the middle of the 19th century for Smith and Wesson revolver. Nowadays .22 Short is mostly used for self-defense – in mini-revolvers and pocket pistols. It is also used in recreational shooting. .22 Short ammo is usually made of lead and coated with copper or grease/wax. With its high velocity, .22 Short hollow point bullet is often used for small game hunting and is only legally allowed weapon for it in some states. Even though some rifles are marked 22 S, L, LR, take into account that most of those rifles will not be as accurate as rifles specialized for .22 Short would be.

 .22 WRF Ammo

.22 Winchester Rimfire is a .22 rimfire rifle cartridge produced for Winchester M1890. .22WRF is almost identical to the .22 Remington Special, except for having a flat-nose slug. .22 WRF is somewhat more powerful than the .22 LR but less accurate. .22 WRF is mostly used for small game hunting. .22 Winchester Rimfire weights about 3 g, it’s 1,180 in long, and reaches velocity from 1,050 ft/s (320 m/s) to 1,450 ft/s (440 m/s).
.22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire Ammo
 .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire is also known as .22 Magnum, .22 Mag or .22 WMR. .22 WMR is produced since 1959., and it’s the only rimfire cartridge made in the 20th century that gained popularity. 22 Magnum is larger than .22 Long Rifle, and longer and much more powerful than .22 WRF – 1.350 in. It weighs from 30 (HP) to 50 gr (JHP), and reaches a velocity up to 2,200 ft/s (670 m/s). The lightest version can (30 gr) reach up to 125 yards (114 m). Because of its power and low recoil, .22 Mag is quite favored by small game (rabbits, raccoons, prairie dogs, etc.) hunters. .22 WMR is used in combination rifles, pump-action rifles, bolt action rifles, semi-automatic rifles, revolvers, semi-automatic pistols, and even submachine guns.

.22 Winchester Automatic Ammo

.22 Win Auto is a .22 caliber rimfire rifle cartridge. It was produced in the first three decades of the 20th century for the Winchester Model 1903 semiautomatic rifle. The damage produced by it is comparable to .22 Long, although .22 Win Auto is heavier. .22 Winchester Automatic weights 45 gr (3g), reaches up to 1,055 ft/s (322 m/s) speed, and is 0.915 in long.

.22 Hornet Ammo

.22 Hornet also known as 5.6x35mmR is a centerfire rifle cartridge produced from the 1930s. .22 Hornets’ accuracy is one of the best among the centerfire cartridges. It is mostly used for vermin and predator control, small game hunting, but some use it even for deer hunting, even though it’s illegal in some countries. 22 Hornet is 1.403 in long, weights from 35 to 55 gr (2-4 g). Depending on the weight of the bullet, 22 Hornet reaches speeds from 2,652 ft/s (808 m/s) to 3,060 ft/s (930 m/s). .22 Hornet can have quite a killing power with proper bullet placement and under 200 yards.

.22 Remington Jet Ammo

.22 Remington Jet is also commonly known as .22 Jet, .22 Center Fire Magnum, and .22 CFM. .22 Jet is centerfire revolver and rifle cartridge. .22 CFM is mostly used for varmint and medium game hunting,  within a 100 yd radius. .22 Remington Jet is 1.580 in long, weighing from 40 to 45 gr (3 g). Depending on its weight, it can reach velocity up to 1,710 ft/s (520 m/s).


.22 Bench Rest Remington Ammo

.22 Bench Rest Remington, also known as .22 BR Remington, is a wildcat cartridge. It is mostly used in bench rest shooting and varmint hunting. .22 BR Remington was developed in the 1960s, and standardized in 1978. 22 Bench-Rest Remington is favored for its good accuracy. .22 BR Remington is 1.520 in long and can develop velocity up to 3750 ft/s.

.22 Savage HP Ammo

.22 Savage HP is also known as 22 Savage High Power and 5.6×52mmR. It was developed by Charles Newton in 1912. Due to its alleged power, accuracy and velocity, the so-called “Imp” initially gained great popularity. It was even said that it’s suitable for hunting larger wild animals such as tigers. However, after several incidents in the large game hunting, its popularity has quickly fallen. .22 Savage High Powers’ production ceased in 2007 in the US, although it’s still produced in Europe. “Imp” weights 70 gr (5 g), reaches velocity up to 3,100 ft/s (940 m/s), and is 2.510 in long.

.22 Spitfire Ammo

.22 Spitfire is also known as 5.7mm Johnson and MMJ 5.7mm Johnson. .22 Spitfire was developed in 1963 by Melvin M. Johnson. It weighs from 40-50 gr (3 g), and its overall length is 1.650 in. .22 Spitfire is mostly used for small game hunting and varmint control. It reaches velocity of up to 3,000 ft/s (910 m/s).

.22 PPC Ammo

.22 PPC is a firearm cartridge, designed in 1974. .22 PPC is mostly used in bench rest shooting. .22 PPC is 2.100 in long.

Which one have you used? And which one is your favorite? Let us know in the comments below!

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